There are many different soil types in the North Texas region. Predominantly clay, sand or loam soil mixtures are scattered throughout the North Texas area, with clay being the most common. It is important for you to know your predominant soil type since it will determine which plants to select, watering techniques to use, and to what extent compost should be used. If you are unsure about what type of soil you have in your yard, check out our soil section to learn about a simple test you can do. If you feel like your soil is not very good for growing anything, fear not because compost and mulch can help!
Mulch is typically shedded organic matter or tree bark. It reduces water loss from the soil, reduces weeds in flower beds, moderates soil temperatures and prevents soil erosion. Compost is the result of decayed organic matter and provides nutrients, adds beneficial microbes, attracts worms, and helps retain moisture in the soil. While mulch and Compost serve similar functions, the true magic happens when they are combined. Laying down a layer of compost or mixing it into the soil before adding layer of mulch in your flower beds will make your soil like a nutrient rich sponge. The beneficial microbes in compost will also help break down the mulch over time into plant-available nutrients, providing a constant food source for your thriving plants and eliminating the need for commercial fertilizer.
There are several ways to make your own compost from yard waste and kitchen scraps: the hot method, the cold method, the bokashi method, and vermicomposting (worms). Also, many times cities offer free mulch to residents, check with your local municipality to find out. Our Events section is a great place to start if you are interested in learning more about composting.